Understanding Oral Cancer and Treatment Options

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Oral cancer accounts for about 2% of all cancers, and it can be caused by either smoking or excessive alcohol use. Fortunately, oral cancer is one of the more treatable forms of cancer if detected early, but it’s still highly important to be aware of the symptoms and treatments available should you or someone you know develop this illness. If you want to learn everything you need to know about oral cancer, read on!

What Is Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells lining your mouth, throat, or tongue. The most common type of oral cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, which forms in the thin layer of tissue that covers the inside of your mouth and upper throat. The second most common type of oral cancer is called adenocarcinoma. This form develops from glands in your mouth and may spread to other parts of your body.

Risk Factors

There are many risk factors associated with oral cancer. Some of the most common risk factors include tobacco use, HPV infection, and alcohol consumption. However, it is important to note that not everyone who smokes or drinks has an increased risk for oral cancer, and not everyone infected with HPV will develop oral cancer.

Signs of oral cancer

Oral cancer can be hard to detect, and some symptoms may go unnoticed. But there are certain symptoms that could indicate you have the disease. Here are some of the most common signs:

  • A sore that doesn’t heal in time
  • A lump or thickening in the cheek or neck area
  • Difficulty chewing or swallowing
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Unusual bleeding from the mouth or nose, including blood when you brush your teeth.

If you experience any of these warning signs, make an appointment with a Blacktown dentist as soon as possible.

Types of Oral Cancer

There are two main types of oral cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Squamous cell carcinomas form in the epithelial tissue in the mouth, while adenocarcinomas form in the glandular tissue. There are also less common types of oral cancer that can develop, such as sarcoma, melanoma and lymphoma.

Treatment Options

The most common treatment options for oral cancer are surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Treatment will depend on the type of cancer, where it’s located in the mouth or throat, and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. There are also a number of other treatments available depending on the individual’s situation.

How to Prevent Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is the 11th most common cancer in the United States. It is caused by a combination of factors, including human papillomavirus (HPV), smoking and alcohol use, as well as genetics. To lower your risk of developing oral cancer, avoid tobacco products and excessive alcohol use, protect your skin from UV radiation with sunscreen or protective clothing, and limit sun exposure between 10 AM and 4 PM when the sun is strongest.

When to Visit the Blacktown Dentist?

It is important for you and your dentist to know the warning signs of oral cancer. If you notice any changes in the way your mouth looks or feels, it is best that you visit a dentist immediately. If you have been diagnosed with oral cancer, it is imperative that you see a dentist on a regular basis for follow up care. With Microscopic Dentistry Blacktown, our dentist offer a customised treatment plan that helps to combat with the dental problems you’re experiencing. Schedule an appointment with orthodontist Blacktown to find out the best treatment option.

Oral cancer can be treated and reversed if caught early. So, if you suspect that you might have oral cancer, please speak to your dentist.