Why is Oral Hygiene so Important during Pregnancy?

oral health during pregnancy
Image by Boris Gonzalez from Pixabay

While pregnancy can be exciting, it is more important to keep your gums and teeth healthy. Yes, pregnancy can cause hormonal changes which increase the risk of developing dental problems like gum disease and cavities. Dental health is a vital part of your overall health, and it is also an important part of your prenatal care. Just like how you visit the gynaecologist regularly, it is equally important to visit your dentist Rozelle for prenatal dental care.

Pregnancy Gingivitis

It is one of the most common dental issues associated with pregnancy. Usually, it occurs during the first trimester, and the symptoms are bleeding, swollen, and tender gums. It is caused by the hormonal changes that increase the blood flow to the gum and irritate your gums. The hormonal changes can hinder the body’s normal response to bacteria that cause periodontal infections.  Plague can build up on your teeth and make more susceptible to gingivitis, and the severity usually increases in the second trimester.

Good dental hygiene is the key to avoid gingivitis. You must brush your teeth twice a day and if possible, after every meal. Floss your teeth at least once a day. Using a soft brush can cause less irritation to your gums. Schedule professional cleanings and discuss any problems with your emergency dentist RozelleIf it is left untreated, it leads to a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis, and it is the major cause of tooth loss.

Erosion of tooth enamel

Erosion of tooth enamel is another concern for some expectant mothers because of increased exposure to gastric acid from vomiting to morning sickness and gastric reflux during late pregnancy. The increased amount of acid in your mouth can affect your teeth. Speak to your dentist to find the best ways to minimise the erosion.

Dental caries

Pregnant women are at risk of developing cavities due to changes in behaviours. One in four women of childbearing age has untreated cavities. It is caused due to the increased acidity in the mouth, decreased attention to prenatal oral health maintenance, and greater intake of sugary foods and beverages.

Tips to take care of your oral health during pregnancy

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride paste.
  • Floss at least once a day to remove plague from your teeth
  • Visit your dentist for a regular dental check-up and professional cleaning
  • Use an antibacterial mouth rinse to help combat the increase of plague
  • Eat healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole-grain products, and dairy products like milk, cheese, and cottage cheese, and other foods that are rich in vitamin and calcium to help keep your mouth healthy
  • Limit carbonated beverages and sugary foods
  • Drink plenty of water

If you are wearing braces to straighten your visit, visit the cosmetic dentist Rozelle regularly to monitor the progress of the treatment. It is vital to take care of both oral and overall health during pregnancy.